A study by the University of Waterloo in Canada has found that you are more likely to remember something if you read it aloud.
The study found that saying information out loud helps the words enter your long-term memory. The dual action of speaking and hearing oneself, called the "production effect", has the most beneficial impact on memory.
Colin M. MacLeod, co-author of the study, said:
"This study confirms that learning and memory benefit from active involvement
When we add an active measure or a production element to a word, that word becomes more distinct in long-term memory, and hence more memorable."
The study tested four methods for learning written information, including reading silently, hearing someone else read, listening to a recording of oneself reading, and reading aloud in real time. Results from tests with 95 participants showed that the "production effect" of reading information aloud to yourself resulted in the best recollation of the information.
Professor MacLeod added:
"When we consider the practical applications of this research, I think of seniors who are advised to do puzzles and crosswords to help strengthen their memory. This study suggests that the idea of action or activity also improves memory. And we know that regular exercise and movement are also strong building blocks for a good memory."